Section 11.0 Scope
The procedures of this Article will be available as the exclusive institutional remedy for a Faculty Member
who receives an unfavorable decision by the Executive Vice President and Provost:
Subdivision 11.01 On Tenure
Where the first regularly scheduled decision on tenure has been not to award tenure, or where the decision
will result in termination.
Subdivision 11.02 On Promotion
Where the arbitration procedures of this Article had not been used by the Faculty Member during the
preceding four (4) years with respect to promotion at the same rank, or where the grounds on which a
previous promotion grievance was denied have been materially altered.
Subdivision 11.03 On Non-renewal
Where the Faculty Member has been on the probationary track.
Subdivision 11.04 On Termination of a Term Appointment
It is agreed by the parties that the hearing for a Faculty Member on a term appointment is available only
when the termination of the Faculty Member is to occur before the end of the term of the appointment.
Subdivision 11.05 On Termination of a Tenured Faculty Member
A tenured Faculty Member who receives a decision on termination by the President may elect to seek a
review of the President’s decision by commencing the review at the step provided in Section 11.4 within
twenty-one (21) days of the receipt of such decision.
Subdivision 11.06 Immediate Discharge of a Probationary Faculty Member
In the event a probationary faculty member is immediately discharged for cause during an academic year, as
opposed to a non-renewal as provided elsewhere in this Article, the faculty member may seek a review
pursuant to Section 11.3, 11.4, and 11.6 as provided in this Article by requesting such review in writing
within twenty-one (21) days of receipt of such decision.
Subdivision 11.07 Discipline Other Than Discharge of a Probationary or Tenured Faculty Member
In the event a probationary or tenured faculty member is disciplined by a suspension or written reprimand,
such faculty member may seek a review pursuant to Section 11.3, 11.4, and 11.6 as provided in this Article
by requesting such review in writing within twenty-one (21) days of receipt of such action.
Section 11.1 Availability of Review
While decisions to promote, to award tenure, or to reappoint a Faculty Member on probationary or term
appointment are the responsibility of academic officers, and while no opportunity for hearing is routinely
provided in connection with a failure to promote, to reappoint, or to grant tenure a hearing, as provided in
this Article, shall be available in such cases where there is an allegation that the action was based on one or
more of the grounds for complaint in Section 11.2.
Section 11.2 Grounds for Complaint
It shall be grounds for complaint if a decision to deny tenure, to fail to reappoint, to fail to promote, to
discipline, or to terminate a tenured Faculty Member, is:
Subdivision 11.21 Discrimination
Based on the Faculty Member’s age, national origin, race, religion, creed, gender, or sexual orientation;
Subdivision 11.22 Academic Freedom
For reasons which violate the Faculty Member’s academic freedom, as the term is defined and limited by
the American Association of University Professors 1940 Statement of Principles on Academic Freedom and
Tenure with the 1970 Interpretive Comments, Board of Regents Policy and UNI Policy 6.10 entitled,
“Ethics and Academic Responsibility.”
Subdivision 11.23 Established Procedures
Made by the administration in a manner, which substantially fails to comport with established University
procedures on tenure, promotion, or termination as defined in Section 11.0 except where subject to the
provisions of Article Ten (Grievance Procedure);
Subdivision 11.24 Reasons and Facts
Made for reasons which are clearly inappropriate as a basis for decision or clearly without basis in fact; or
Subdivision 11.25 Expectations
Made despite the Faculty Member’s reasonable expectations based on representations in writing made to
him or her by authorized University administrators that the Faculty Member would be reappointed, granted
tenure or promoted.
Section 11.3 Appeal Conference
Subdivision 11.31 Filing of an Appeal
A Faculty Member who desires review of decisions defined under Section 11.0 shall submit a notice of
appeal to the Office of the Executive Vice President and Provost within twenty-one (21) days of receiving
notification of the negative vice presidential decision. Unless mutually agreed otherwise by the Board and
United Faculty, March 1 shall be considered day one when counting days for submitting the Notice of
Appeal. Such notice of appeal shall include the appropriate grounds for complaint as defined in Section
11.2, and, in reasonable detail, the alleged facts which support those grounds for complaint. The intent to
appeal shall be filed on the form approved by the parties, which shall be obtained from the United Faculty.
Subdivision 11.32 Conference
Within twenty-one (21) days of the notice of appeal, a conference shall be held between the affected Faculty
Member and the Executive Vice President and Provost, or her/his designee. At the conference, the affected
Faculty Member shall have the opportunity to present written evidence and to make oral arguments in
behalf of her/his position. Five (5) days in advance of the conference, the Executive Vice President and
Provost, or her/his designee, shall provide a written statement of the reasons for the negative personnel
decision. Invited to the conference will be the Dean of the College, head of the department, chair of the
Professional Assessment Committee or designee chosen by it, and a representative of the United Faculty.
Subdivision 11.33 Disposition of Appeal
Within forty-five (45) calendar days of the conference, the Executive Vice President and Provost, or her/his
designee, will indicate her/his disposition of the appeal, in writing, and shall furnish a copy thereof to the
affected Faculty Member and all invited parties.
Section 11.4 Arbitration
Subdivision 11.41 Nature of Appeal and Time Limits
If the affected member is not satisfied with the disposition of the appeal, or if no disposition is issued within
forty-five (45) calendar days of the conference, she/he may file an “intent to appeal to the arbitrator.” Such
intent to appeal shall be filed with the Office of the President within forty-five (45) calendar days of receipt
of the Executive Vice President and Provost’s disposition of appeal. An intent to appeal may be filed only
if it contains an endorsement by the United Faculty. The intent to appeal shall be filed on the form
approved by the parties, which shall be obtained from the United Faculty.
Subdivision 11.42 Selection of Arbitrator
When the grievance has been taken to arbitration, the parties shall, within 14 days, meet to select the
arbitrator. The parties shall strike alternately from the permanent panel of arbitrators as provided in Article
Ten, Subdivision 10.42, until one name remains. The person who remains shall be the arbitrator. The
parties shall promptly notify the arbitrator of her/his selection.
Subdivision 11.43 Hearing Proceedings
The arbitrator so selected shall confer with the affected Faculty Member and the Office of the President and
hold a hearing promptly. The hearing shall be open except by agreement between the Board and the Faculty
Member. The Faculty Member shall present evidence first and shall have the burden of proving that the
Board’s action was improper under the provisions of Section 11.2, except as provided hereinafter in this
Subdivision. The arbitrator shall issue a report not later than thirty (30) days from the date of the close of
the hearing. Such report shall be in writing and shall set forth her/his findings of fact, reasoning and
conclusions on the issue submitted.
Subdivision 11.44 Standard of Review
The standard of review to be applied by the arbitrator shall be whether the affected Faculty Member has
proven by a preponderance of the evidence that the Executive Vice President and Provost’s decision was in
violation of Section 11.2 of this Article.
Section 11.5 Dismissal of Tenured Faculty
Notwithstanding any other provision of this Article, in the case of dismissal of a tenured Faculty Member
the University shall have the burden of proving just cause for the dismissal by a preponderance of the
evidence, and in such case the decision of the arbitrator shall be final and binding.
Section 11.6 Disposition of the Arbitrator’s Report
Subdivision 11.61 President’s Review
The report of the arbitrator, the Executive Vice President and Provost’s disposition of the appeal, and the
record made in the case, shall be forwarded to the President for review. After reviewing the record, the
report, and the Executive Vice President and Provost’s disposition, the President will determine what
administrative response, if any, shall be taken. In making such decision, the President will give great
weight to the report of the arbitrator. There will be no oral argument before the President, but either party
may submit a brief in support of the party’s position. Such brief shall be submitted within fourteen (14)
days of the receipt of the arbitrator’s report by the parties. The decision of the President shall be issued
within sixty (60) calendar days following receipt of such briefs.
Subdivision 11.62 Acceptance by President
If the President accepts the recommendation of the arbitrator, she/he shall make appropriate
recommendations, when necessary, to the Board to implement the decision, and the case shall be deemed
Subdivision 11.63 Rejection by President
If the President rejects the recommendation of the arbitrator, the President shall do so in writing, giving
reasons for going against the report. The Faculty Member may then request and shall receive a review by
Subdivision 11.64 Appeal to the Board
Appeals for review of a presidential rejection of an arbitrator’s recommendation by the Board shall be filed
within twenty-one (21) days of the receipt of such decision. Upon request by a Faculty Member for a
review of a presidential decision, the Board shall confer with the parties and promptly set a date for
consideration of the appeal. The Board shall consider the appeal and shall issue a decision in writing, which
shall be transmitted to the affected Faculty Member and the President. Such decision shall exhaust
administrative remedies provided in this Article.
Section 11.7 Other Provisions
Subdivision 11.71 Representation
A Faculty Member utilizing this procedure may be represented at all stages by a representative of the United
Subdivision 11.72 Application of Time Limits
The failure of an employee or United Faculty to act on an appeal under this Article within the prescribed
time limits will act as a bar to any further appeal under this Article. An administrator’s failure to give a
decision within the time limits under this Article shall permit the appeal to proceed to the next step. The
time limits may be extended by mutual agreement.
Subdivision 11.73 Costs
The costs for the services of the arbitrator will be borne equally by the Board and the United Faculty.
Subdivision 11.74 Election of Forum
If a Faculty Member files any claim or complaint in any forum other than under this Article, then, while the
complaint is pending or if it has been adjudicated, the Board shall not be required to process the same or a
substantially equivalent claim through the procedures of this Article.
Subdivision 11.75 Days Defined
In all instances in which “days” is specified in this Article, the term refers to class days. Saturdays,
Sundays, holidays, and days when classes are not in session are not counted. Class days during the summer
session will be counted for faculty on summer appointment (teaching or research) during the period of
appointment. By mutual agreement between United Faculty and the Board, class days may not be counted
for faculty on summer appointment. Class days for faculty not on summer appointment will not be counted
except by mutual agreement between United Faculty and the Board. When counting days, the day the
grievance is received at any point in the procedure shall be considered “day one”.
Subdivision 11.76 Arbitration Hearings
All hearings before the arbitrator under this procedure shall be open except if the parties mutually agree that
the proceedings shall be closed, or the arbitrator orders the proceedings closed for cause.